Sachsenhausen was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, 22 miles of Berlin.
It was used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May 1945.
After World War II, when Oranienburg was in the Soviet Occupation Zone, the structure was used as an NKVD special camp until 1950. About 200,000 people passed through Sachsenhausen between 1936 and 1945.
While intended as a work rather than death or extermination camp, at least 30,000 inmates died in Sachsenhausen from causes such as exhaustion, disease, malnutrition and pneumonia, as a result of the poor living conditions.